Andrew Findlay is an independent consultant specialising in directory services, data synchronisation, and e-mail systems. He has worked with X.500 and LDAP since 1988, and has designed directory schema for a number of large organisations. Through the 1990s, Andrew managed a directory services research group that attracted significant funding from public and commercial sources, producing innovative directory user interfaces and contributing to two pan-European projects. More recently he has developed and presented several LDAP-related training courses, and has given papers on directory service topics at a number of conferences. Andrew holds BSc and PhD degrees in Cybernetics from the University of Reading and is an active member of both the IET and the UKUUG.